常用传染病学词汇英汉对照

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A

abortive measles virus
缺损麻疹病毒
acidosis
acquired immune deeficiency syndrome(ALDS)
acute lymphadenitis
acute myelitis
acute polyneuroradiculitis
acyclovir
adenosine arabinoside(Ara—A)
adherence factor
agglutination test
凝集试验
alanine aminotransferase(ALT)
albumincytological dissociation
蛋白细胞分离
allergy
alternative pathway
替代途径
amebic dysentery
amebiasis;amebosis
ameboma
amodiaquine dihydrochloridum
(二)盐酸氨酚喹啉
amoeba histolytica
amoebic liver abscess
amoxicillin
amphoterincin B
ampicilln
anaerobic bacteria;anaerobe
anoxemia
缺氧血症
anoxia
缺氧
ansamycin
袢霉素
anthrax
antibiotic
antibody
antibody dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity
抗体依赖细胞介导的细胞毒
antigen
antigeic drift
抗原漂移
antigenic shift
抗原转移
antioxin
apparent infection
arachidonic acid
Ascoli’s test
炭疽环状沉淀试验
asphyxia
aspiration of sputum
吸痰
atypical form
非典型型
atypical measles
autoimmunity

B

bacillary dysentery
bacteremia
bacterium(Pl.bacteria)
bacertial culture
bacteral food poisoning
bacterial infectious diseades
细菌性传染病
basal diet
基础饮食
bleeding tendency
biologicals
生物制品
biphasic fever
双相热
blood picture;blood figure
血像
bloody stool
血便
bordetella
鲍特杆菌属
borrelia
包柔氏螺旋体
borrlia obermeieri
欧伯门亚螺旋体
borrelia recurrentis
回归热螺旋体
botulism
Brill-Zinsser disease
勃秦氏病(复发性斑疹伤寒
brucellosis
brudzinski’s sign
布鲁辛征
Brugia malayi
brugia timori
帝纹丝虫

C

campylibacter
弯曲菌
campylobacter coli
结肠弯曲菌
campylobacter enteritis
弯曲菌肠炎
campylobacter fitus
胎儿弯曲菌
camyplobacter genus
campylobacter jejuni
campylobacter jejuni enteritis
campylobacter laridis
海欧弯曲菌
campylobacter pybridis
幽门弯曲菌
campylobacter aputorum
唾液弯曲菌
carbenicillin
carrier
carrier state
病原携带状态
cefazolin
cefoperazone(cefobid)
头孢氧哌羟苯唑(先峰必)
ceftrizxone
头孢三嗪噻肟
cefuroxime
cellular immunity
cephalothin
cephalosporin
cercarial dermatitis
cestodiasis
chickenpox;varicella
chloroquine phosphate
Cholera
chronic active hepatitis(CAH)
chronic asymptomatic HBv carriers
chronic persistent hepatitis(CPH)
chyluria
circumoral pallor
口围苍白
classical pathway
clindamycin
clinical pattern
cloxaillin
clostridium botulinum
clostrdium botulinum food poisoning
肉毒杆菌食物中毒
clostridium perfringens
产气荚膜杆菌
communicable disease
complement
complenent fixation test(CFT)
complication
comvalescent stage
恢复期
convalescence
恢复期
coombs’test
抗人球蛋白试验
coxiella burnetii
作纳特氏立克次体
critical stage
cytotoxin

D

dehydration
dingue fever
dengue hemorrhagic fever
diarrhea
dicloxacillin
dipetalonema perstans
常现丝虫
dipetalonema slreptocera
链尾丝虫
diphtheria
dipterex
disseminated intravascular coagulation(DIC)
diuresis
double-rised fever
drunken features
酒醉面貌
dysentery bacilli

E

ecchymosis
econazde
elephantiasis
enanthema
encephalitis B Japanica
日本乙型脑炎
endotoxin
毒素
enterotoxin
enteropathogenic Escherichia coli
enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA)
epidimic
流行
epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis
epidemic encephalitis B
epidemic hemorragic fever(EHF)
epidemic parotitis
epidemic tyhus
epididymitis
eruption
erythrocytic stage
红细胞内期
erythogenic toxin
红疹毒素
etiology
exanthema subitum
exoerythrocytic stage
红细胞外期
exotoxin

F

familial periodic paralysis
fecal-oral transmission
粪一口途径传播
filarial fever
丝虫热
filariasis
丝虫热
flavivirus
黄热病毒属(登革热)
forest encephalitis
furopromide
fusion protein
融合蛋白

G

gancyclovir
general teratment
一般治疗
giardiasis
贾第鞭毛虫
globoroseomycin
GM1ganglioside
单涎酸神经节苷脂
Guillain-Barre syndrome
感染性多发性神经根炎

H

haemolysin(HL)
血溶素
hantaan virus
HBcAg
乙型肝炎核心抗原
Hecht’s giant-cell pneumonia
hemagglutini
hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome(HFRS)
肾综合症出血热
hemorrhagic nephroso-nephritis(HNN)
出血热肾病肾炎
hepadnaviridae
肝病毒种
hepatitisA
hepatitisB
乙型肝炎
hepatitisC
hepatitisD
hepatitisE
戊型肝炎
herpes-zoster
Herxheimer reaction
赫氏反应
heterophil agglutination test
嗜异凝集试验
human immunodeficiency virus(HIV)
human rotavirus(HRV)
人类轮状病毒
human T-lymphotropic virusⅢ(HTLV-Ⅲ)
人类嗜T淋巴细胞病毒Ⅲ型
hydrocele
hydrophabia
恐水病,狂犬病
hydroxypiperaquine
hydroxypiperquine phosphate
hypervolemic syndrome
血容量综合征

I

immuneRNA(iRNA)
immunoblotting
免疫转印
immunomodulator
immunoglobulin(IG)
inapparent infection
infection
传染,感染
infectious disease
传染病
infectious mononucleosis
influenza
流行性感染
interferon
interleukin-2
intestinal amebiasis
阿米巴痢疾
Ixodes dammini
丹明尼硬蜱
Ixodes pacificus
太平洋硬蜱
Ixodes persulcatus
森林硬蜱,金硬蜱
Ixodes ricinus
蓖子硬蜱

J

jaundice
黄疽

K

Kala-azar
Kanagawa test
神奈川试验
Kaposi’s sarcoma
卡波剂氏肉瘤
ketoconazole
Kering’s sign
克尼格征
Killer cell
Koplid’s spots
Korean hemorrhagic fever(KHF)
朝鲜出血热

L

Lassa fever
latent infection
Ligionella pneumohpillia
嗜肺军团杆菌
Legionnaires’disease
Leishmania donovani
lentivirus
慢病毒
leptospirosis
leucotriene(LT)
白烯
limulus lysate test(LLT)
鲎血溶解物试验
lyncomycin
林可霉素
lipopolysaccharide(LPS)
Lou loa
罗可丝虫
LPS-binding protein
脂多糖结合蛋白
lyme disease
lymph scrotum
lymphadenitis
lymphadenovarix
lymphadenopathy associated virus(LAV)
淋巴结病相关病毒
lymphangivarix
lymphangitis
lysozyme

M

malaria
malarial pigment
mansonella ozzardi
孟欧丝虫
measles
麻疹
meflquine hydrochloridum
盐酸甲氟酸
merozoite
methicillin
methimidol
miconazole
microfilaria
微丝
mumps
流行性腮腺炎
murine typhus
鼠型斑疹伤寒

N

nafcillin
naloxone
钠络酮
nature killer cell
negri body
内基小体
meuraminidase
neuronophagia
nithiocyamine
nitric oxide
nitropuine
nontyphoidal salmonellosis
norfloxacin
nosocomial infection
nystatin

O

oliguria
onchocerca volvulus
盘尾丝虫
orchitis
orntthodoros
媒介昆虫软体蜱,纯缘蜱属
open rdad frame
开放性读框
opiod
阿片
outbreak
暴发
ovale malaria
卵形疟
oxacillin

P

pararosamilline pamoate
双羟萘酸副品红
paratyphoid fever
penicillin G benzathine
pentamidine
戊脘脒
pepticloglycan
肽糖酐
periodicity
peroral
经口的
pertussis
pestis
petechia
pipemidic acid
piperapuine
piperaquine phosphate
plague
鼠疫
plasma protamine paracoagulation
血浆鱼精蛋白副凝试验
pokinete
poliomyelitis
poly human serum albumine receptor
poly I:C
polymerase chain reaction
ponteac fever
庞提阿克热
post diphtherlc patalysis
白喉后麻痹
primunition
相对免疫,带虫免疫
primaquine
properdin
prostaglandin
prostacyclin
proviral DNA
前病毒DNA
pulmonary filariasis
肺型丝虫病
pyemia
脓毒症
pyquiton
pyracrine phosphate
pyronaridine phosphate

Q

Q fever
quartan malaria
quinine sulfate

R

rabies
狂犬病
rdlapse
复发
relapsing fever
回归热
related vibrios
相关弧菌
remittent fever
remittent stage
缓解期
repeated infection
reservoir host
贮存宿主
retrovirus
ribavirin
rickettsemia
立克次体血症
rickettsia
立克次体
rickettsia buretii
伯纳特立克次体
rickettsia mooseri
莫氏立克次体
rickettsia ortientalis
东方立克次体
rickettsia prowazekii
普氏立克次体
rickettsia tsutsugamushi
恙虫病立克次体
rickettsiosis
立克次体病
roseola infantum
幼儿急疹
rubella
rubeola
麻疹
Russion spring-summer encephatitis
苏联春夏型脑炎,森林脑炎

S

salmonella typhimurium
鼠伤寒沙门氏菌
scarlet fever
schistosomiasis
schizont
septicemia
septic shock
Shwartzman's reaction
施瓦茨曼反应
Schick’s test
smallpox
sodium antimony subgallate
source of infection
spirochetemia
螺旋体血症
sterillization
street virus
街毒
subacute scletosing panencephalitis(SSPE)
subclinical infection
subtertain malaria
恶性疟
sudden infant death syndrome(SIDS)
superinfection
重复感染
supportive treatment
susceptibility of masses
syphilis

T

teichoic acid
菌壁磷壁酸
temporary carrier
暂时携带者
tertian malaria
thrombcxane
togaviridae
披膜病毒科(登革热)
toxemia
Tropical splenomegaly syndrome
热带巨脾综合征
tsutsugamushi diseade
恙虫病
tularimia
兔热病,土拉菌病
typhoid fever

U

uncinariasis
undulant fever

V

vaccine
vanishing of the rashes
退疹
varicella
水痘
varicella zoster virus,VZV
vector
媒介
vertical transmission
vibrio cholerae
vibrio fetus
胎儿弧菌
vibrio eltor
爱尔托弧菌
viral gastroenteritis
viral hepatitis
viremia
virulence
毒务
visceral leishmaniasis

W

Warthin-Finkeldey cells
华佛细胞
Warerhouse-Friderichsen Syndrome
华佛氏综合
Weil-Felix rdaction
whooping cough
百日咳
Widal reacteon
Wuchereria bancrofti
斑氏丝虫

Y

yaws
yellow fever
黄热病

Z

zygote
zymosan